Verb Tenses: How to use them with examples.

Tenses: Types, meaning and examples

Verbs come in three tenses: past, present, and future, They are further subdivided into 12 categories.

What are the 12 Tenses in English and why are they important?

Verb tenses in English are broadly divided into the past, present, and future. In English grammar, tenses are used to indicate when an action happened and if it is still going on or finished. The tense of a verb is used to refer to time while communicating in English.

There are 12 tenses in the English language. Namely:

  1. Simple present
  2. Present continuous
  3. Present perfect
  4. Present perfect continuous
  5. Simple past
  6. Past continuous
  7. Past perfect
  8. Past perfect continuous
  9. Simple future
  10. Future continuous
  11. Future perfect
  12. Future perfect continuous
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Red Flag (Idiom) Definition, meaning with Examples.

What does a red flag (idiom) mean?

The Idiom “Red flag” is often used to signify danger. “Red flag,” as a Noun, is a warning of danger. For example, “His actions raised a red flag”. By saying this, the speaker is telling the listener that the man in question was doing something suspicious, troubles could arise from his actions.

As a Verb, the phrase also signals danger. When used in Verb form, you may encounter the gerund or past tense of the word, such as:

  • Red-flagging
  • Red-flagged

Examples of the idiom “red flag”

  • Fever is the body’s red flag.
  • Teachers always check for red flags such as tardiness and absences.
  • Feeling of anxiety, depression is often considered as the mind’s Red flag.
  • Employers consider a constant shift in jobs as a red flag.
  • She saw a red flag when the boss asked her for personal favors.

Color Idiom

Often, the English language uses idioms that invoke color imagery, like, I feel blue, in the pink, red flag, etc. These figures of speech are used because colors have a strong association with emotions. For example, “Bulls (male cows) are color blind, but a matador (bullfighter), uses a red flag to provoke the animal”. Why use a red rag to anger a colorblind bull?

An image representing the idiom “Red Flag”
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Idiom: “foot the bill”-definition, meaning, and examples.

Definition and meaning of the idiom “foot the bill”

What does the idiom “foot the bill” mean? How can I use the idiom “foot the bill in a full sentence?”

You may even encounter a native speaker using the idiom “to foot the bill.” This saying, counter-intuitively, has nothing to do with feet. By saying this, the speaker is stating that they will pay the bill.

For example, “William often dines with us, but he never foots the bill” which simply means, he never pays.

An image representing the above statement

Moreover, the person who foots the bill only means he/ she pays the entire bill. The idiom is most often used with dining but can be applied to anything.

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The preposition “between”- Meaning, and examples of using it in full sentences.

Between- Meaning

“Between” can be used in various sentences as a preposition or an adverb. The preposition “between” means “in the time, space, or interval that separates.”

The place preposition “between” is used in expressing the location of a particular item. This item has something on both sides of it.

Examples of “Between” prepositions:

  • I’m sitting between Debbie and Janet. By saying this, you are telling the listeners that Debbie is on one side and Janet is on the other side of you.
An Image explaining the use of the “between” preposition
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How to use Adverb of Certainty “Probably”

We will Probably Live on the Moon

Unsurprisingly, Adverbs of Certainty are used to state how sure we feel about an action or event.

“Probably” is a commonly used Adverb of Certainty. It tells the listener that the speaker is 70-80% sure an event will take place.

For example, A Science fiction Writer once said:

“Mankind will probably live on the Moon someday.”

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Learn about Separable Phrasal Verbs – Advanced

We have already covered Separable Phrasal Verbs in another article. They are: Verb + Object + Preposition

They are based on simple Phrasal Verbs:

Verb + Preposition

An example of a Separable Phrasal Verb is “turn down,” the topic of today’s lesson.

Separable Phrasal Verbs

Turn The Volume Down

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Learn about Separable Phrasal Verbs – Basics

Scat Singing Cheers me up

What is Scat Singing, you may ask? In Jazz, an American style of music, Scat Singing is the use of nonsense words like “zippity zippity zippity zam za zim” to make improvised melodies. 

How do nonsense words relate to learning English? In our case, these sounds cheer the Speaker up, which brings us to Phrasal Verbs – “cheer up” is a Phrasal Verb. 

In general, Phrasal Verbs are a Verb + Preposition combination, like “cheer up.” But, there’s another kind of Phrasal Verb too, the Separable Phrasal Verb. 

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Know Past Simple Tense – Advanced

Ren Was House Shopping Alone: The Scary Music Box

Obviously enough, Past Simple Tense is used to describe an event that began and ended in the past. Here’s a dialogue that’s mostly spoken in Past Simple Tense:

“I walked into the bedroom, and suddenly there was music coming from a box,” said Ren.

“What did the box look like?, “asked Haru. 

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Nouns: Abstract noun and Collective noun with examples

What is a Noun?

A noun is the name of a person, place, or thing. When we specify who or what we are particularly speaking of for the listener to be able to relate to, that’s called a noun.

Types of Nouns with examples

Types of NounsDefinition Examples
Proper NounName of a person, a place, an animal, or thing. Max, Burj Khalifa, October.
Common NounName of a class or section of people, animals, or things.Teacher, Doctor, Tiger.
Abstract NounThese are feelings, quality or characteristics, ideas, or state of being.Happy, anger, honest, rich.
Collective Noun Denotes a group of nouns or a set of things. They are a group of common nouns and can be counted. Shoal of fish, Swarm of bees, pack of wolves.

How can we identify the type of Noun?

There are 4 main types of nouns to identify:

  • Proper Noun: Proper nouns is the name of a person or of something you specifically imply. It is the name of a person, place, animal, or thing.
    Examples: Wall Street Journal, Albert Einstein, London, Monday, etc.
  • Common Noun: It refers to the name of a class or section of people, animals, or things.
    Examples: Teacher, Nurse, Street, Post office, Table, Bench, etc.
  • Abstract Noun: They are nouns used to define anything that cannot be seen, touched, or sensed by any of our senses. An idea, a state of being, a feeling, a quality, or a characteristic quality can be termed abstract nouns.
    For example, you can be sad, and feel the emotion, but not touch it, smell it, taste it, or even see it, but you do know it exists within you.
  • Collective Noun: Nouns that are considered to be a group of nouns or a set of things, people, animals, emotions, or concepts considered as a single whole. They are a group of common nouns and can be counted. 
    For example, a banana is a common noun, the collective noun for it
    will be a bunch of bananas/hand of bananas.
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Basics of Past Simple Tense for Beginners

Qi Winked at Me

Past Simple Tense is used to describe an event that began and ended in the past, like winking, the act of blinking your eyelids to convey an emotion. To put “wink” in Past Simple Tense, we simply change it to “winked.”

This is true for all Regular Verbs. Regular Verbs in the past tense get d/ed at the end. For example, “hug” turns to “hugged.” But, Nouns don’t change with tense. 

In fact, to detect a Past Simple Tense sentence, merely look for the Main Verb. Most often, for those sentences that Regular Verbs are used, d/ed is found hidden among other grammatical features. 

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