Simple Present Tense- (Present Indefinite tense) Meaning, examples with exercises.

Meaning of Simple present/present simple tense

The simple present tense is a verb tense that speaks of an action that is happening at present or right now. It also refers to an action that happens regularly and is continuous, hence it is also called present indefinite.

Simple present tense examples

Base FormPresent Tense FormExample Sentences
PlayPlaysShe plays the piano every day.
TakeTakesHe takes the bus for school.
TravelTravelsJack travels every summer to Switzerland.
WriteWritesShe writes her journal every night.
GoGoesJill goes to school every day.
EatEatsShe eats salad for lunch.
WorkWorksShe works as a banker.
FlyFliesShe flies to Sydney every year around this time.
UseUsesHe uses the latest gadgets.

We usually use the present simple tense to express the following ideas

  • Use simple present tense to express or speak of any Habit or a custom, which is repeated very often.

For example, He plays football every day.

  • To speak of future plans/ timetables.

For example, She walks every morning. He goes for a jog every night.

  • To state facts or general truths.

For example, she hates liars. He admires honesty.

  • To tell jokes and stories or to report sporting events in real-time.

For example, John makes fun of Jill’s nasal accent. Rio passes the ball to Shane for a goal.

Let’s practice:

  1. Make a tense using the simple present tense.
  2. Fill in the simple present tense in the following blanks by choosing the right word from the brackets.
  • She __________draws (Like/Likes/liked)
  • She __________melodiously at the concert (sings/sang/will sing)
  • He ___________to the market every afternoon (go/goes/will go)

Read more on Simple Past tense: Click here

Read more on Simple Future tense: Click here

Read more on the 12 tenses of Engish grammar with detailed explanation and easy examples: Click here

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Interrogative Language: Who

Who is Behind the Mask

Interrogative language is used to ask questions. And, the most common interrogative words, in alphabetical order, are:

WhatWhenWhereWhetherWhich
WhoWhomWhoseWhyHow

These words are sometimes called “wh-words” because most of them begin with wh. “Who,” a wh-word is our interrogative word of the day. 

“Who,” pronounced /ho͞o/, is a Pronoun that means what or which person or people, among other things. 

For example, you may go to a Halloween party and hear a native English speaker ask, “Who is  behind the mask?” This may even be something you’ve wondered about Batman or the anime character Tuxedo Mask. By asking this, the speaker wants to know who is wearing the mask. Sometimes costumes conceal identity. 

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Idiom About Change: Turn over a New Leaf

Kevin Turns Over a New Leaf

Most languages have idioms about change. And, there are many different sayings that express getting a new outlook or starting again. 

One of my favorite idioms of change is an ancient Chinese saying: “Mountains crumble to the sea over time, yet people remain the same.” However, we are here to discuss the idiom “turn over a new leaf.” 

Oddly, this idiom has nothing to do with leaves. It’s about becoming a new person, a better person. Someone who “turns over a new leaf” changes the direction of their life. 

Using the idiom turn over a new leaf

How can I use the idiom – turn over a new leaf?

Kevin was a troublemaker. He never went to class. He never listened to his parents. He would even laugh at the lessons the elders tried to teach him, saying “You don’t know anything old man,” as the family spoke to him of ancient books and traditions. But one day Kevin came to me and said, “I’m tired of causing mischief. I will study and make good marks in school.” To which I said, “You are young and have time to turn over a new leaf.” 

Kevin will begin to do the right thing. He will turn over a new leaf by making good grades in school and listening to his parents.

Idiom - Turn over a leaf
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Rainbow (color)Idioms: Meaning with examples

Meaning of Rainbow idioms?

Native speakers often use idioms in conversation, so knowing English idioms with their meanings would give English learners an extra tool to express themselves. Using English color idioms or idioms rainbow can always be fun.

English idioms are easier to learn and remember if we put them into groups. Let us look at a few examples of idioms about rainbows and colors. 

Popular Color Idioms that will Improve Your English Fluency

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Verb Tenses: How to use them with examples.

Tenses: Types, meaning and examples

Verbs come in three tenses: past, present, and future, They are further subdivided into 12 categories.

What are the 12 Tenses in English and why are they important?

Verb tenses in English are broadly divided into the past, present, and future. In English grammar, tenses are used to indicate when an action happened and if it is still going on or finished. The tense of a verb is used to refer to time while communicating in English.

There are 12 tenses in the English language. Namely:

  1. Simple present
  2. Present continuous
  3. Present perfect
  4. Present perfect continuous
  5. Simple past
  6. Past continuous
  7. Past perfect
  8. Past perfect continuous
  9. Simple future
  10. Future continuous
  11. Future perfect
  12. Future perfect continuous
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Red Flag (Idiom) Definition, meaning with Examples.

What does a red flag (idiom) mean?

The Idiom “Red flag” is often used to signify danger. “Red flag,” as a Noun, is a warning of danger. For example, “His actions raised a red flag”. By saying this, the speaker is telling the listener that the man in question was doing something suspicious, troubles could arise from his actions.

As a Verb, the phrase also signals danger. When used in Verb form, you may encounter the gerund or past tense of the word, such as:

  • Red-flagging
  • Red-flagged

Examples of the idiom “red flag”

  • Fever is the body’s red flag.
  • Teachers always check for red flags such as tardiness and absences.
  • Feeling of anxiety, depression is often considered as the mind’s Red flag.
  • Employers consider a constant shift in jobs as a red flag.
  • She saw a red flag when the boss asked her for personal favors.

Color Idiom

Often, the English language uses idioms that invoke color imagery, like, I feel blue, in the pink, red flag, etc. These figures of speech are used because colors have a strong association with emotions. For example, “Bulls (male cows) are color blind, but a matador (bullfighter), uses a red flag to provoke the animal”. Why use a red rag to anger a colorblind bull?

An image representing the idiom “Red Flag”
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Idioms About Change: Change of Heart

Mary Had a Change of Heart and Set Her Little Lamb Free

As you know, you can’t change your heart, you were born with it. But, the English idiom “change of heart” implies that you can. 

The idiom “change of heart” doesn’t literally mean that you can swap one organ with another. It means that you can change your mind, usually after long consideration. 

You may know the Nursery Rhyme Mary Had a Little Lamb. Taking from that, I have an example of the idiom “change of heart” to share: 

Mary had a little lamb. Mary loved her little lamb. But, one day she had a change of heart and decided it was time to set the little lamb free. For she knew that to love something is to let it go. If it returns, it loves you.

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Know about Modal Verbs of Probability Present – Can’t

What Alva said can’t be true

Modal Verbs are statements of probability. Modal Verbs express a belief in an outcome. The Modal Verb “can’t,” the topic of today’s lesson, expresses that something is most likely untrue.

When it comes to the Modal Verbs, “can’t” is usually used with “be” to speak of disbelief.

For example: 

When Alva said he had invented electric light, nobody believed him. The people said, “this can’t be true, it’s the fire that lights the home.”

Those who heard Alva speak believed that he was lying and so they showed their disbelief by saying “this can’t be true.” Yet, it was true, Thomas Alva Edison invented the light bulb.

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Know Modal Verbs of Probability Present

Cinderella May Find Her Prince

Modal Verbs are Verbs of probability. They express a guess at outcomes. Modal Verbs include:

“must, might, may, could” and “can’t”

For example: 

“Cinderella may find her prince.” 

Is a guess at the likelihood of Cinderella, the mistreated stepdaughter, meeting and marrying Prince Charming. 

The Modal Verb “may” expresses a greater degree of certainty than “might,” although neither are quantified into exact numbers. 

Alternatively, someone may say:

“Cinderella might find her prince.” 

Or

“Cinderella could find her prince.” 

which expresses little belief in a positive outcome. 

And finally, you may hear someone say:

“Cinderella can’t find her prince.”

This means that there’s no likelihood of her meeting and marrying Prince Charming. 

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Figures of Speech: Metaphors

Adam is a walking encyclopedia

Figures of Speech, like idioms, have evolved through usage, rather than the work of Lexicographers, those who decide what goes in the dictionary. But unlike idioms, the meaning of the Figures of Speech known as metaphors can be deduced through logic. 

Figures of Speech fall into many categories, they can be similes, hyperbole and metaphors.

Metaphors, the language of poets, are Figure of Speech that describes an object or action in a way that isn’t exactly true. However, these untruths help to describe the object or actions by comparing them to something else. For example, you may hear a native English speaker say:

“Adam is a walking encyclopedia of music.” 

Upon hearing this Metaphor, you would be correct to assume that Adam isn’t literally a collection of books that give information on many subjects. Adam is simply knowledgeable about music. 

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