Tenses

Tenses in English are broadly divided into the past, present, and future. In English grammar, tenses are used to indicate when an action happened and if it is still going on or finished. The tense of a verb is used to refer to time while communicating in English.

Simple past tense- Dictionary meaning, examples with exercises

Meaning of simple past tense

The simple past (also termed as the past simple tense, past indefinite tense, or preterite tense) is a verb tense to indicate an action that is completed in the past. It is to speak about something that has already happened.

Simple past tense examples

Base Form Past Tense Form Example Sentences
Play Played She played the piano every morning last month.
Take Took He took the bus to school.
Travel Traveled Jack traveled to Switzerland last year.
Write Wrote She wrote her journal yesterday night.
Go Went Jill went to school today morning.
Eat Ate She ate salad for lunch.
Work Worked She worked as a banker earlier than her current job.
Fly Flew She flew to Sydney 2 years ago.
Use Used He used the latest gadget for his work.
SeeSawShe saw him last October.
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Simple future tense- meaning, examples with exercises

What is the simple future tense?

The simple future tense/future indefinite tense is to indicates an action or condition that will begin and end in the future. It refers to an action that hasn’t happened as yet. It refers to a thought or an action that you plan to do or could occur later than now.

Simple future tense examples

  • I will go to school tomorrow
  • She will visit China next year
  • The team will play in Argentina
  • She will go to meet her mother this weekend

We usually use the present future tense to express the following ideas:

  • The simple future tense is used to predict a future occurrence. For example, “It will be sunny tomorrow.”
  • To express a spontaneous decision. For example, “We’ll pay using our credit card.”
  • To express willingness/ unwillingness towards an action. For example, “I’ll clean up for you. I’ll never be dishonest.”
  • To make a suggestion for future action. For example, “Shall we go to a movie tonight?”
  • To give an invitation to a future event. (usually in the interrogative form). For example, “Will you join me for the class tomorrow?”

Let’s practice:

  1. Make a sentence using the simple future tense.
  2. Fill in the simple future tense in the following blanks by choosing the right word from the brackets.
  • She __________ to draw (will like/Likes/liked)
  • She __________melodiously at the concert (sings/sang/will sing)
  • He ___________to the market in the evening (go/went/will go)

Read more on Simple Present tense/Indefinite tenses: Click here

Read more on Simple Past tense: Click here

Read more on the 12 tenses of Engish grammar with detailed explanation and easy examples: Click here

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Simple Present Tense- (Present Indefinite tense) Meaning, examples with exercises.

Meaning of Simple present/present simple tense

The simple present tense is a verb tense that speaks of an action that is happening at present or right now. It also refers to an action that happens regularly and is continuous, hence it is also called present indefinite.

Simple present tense examples

Base FormPresent Tense FormExample Sentences
PlayPlaysShe plays the piano every day.
TakeTakesHe takes the bus for school.
TravelTravelsJack travels every summer to Switzerland.
WriteWritesShe writes her journal every night.
GoGoesJill goes to school every day.
EatEatsShe eats salad for lunch.
WorkWorksShe works as a banker.
FlyFliesShe flies to Sydney every year around this time.
UseUsesHe uses the latest gadgets.

We usually use the present simple tense to express the following ideas

  • Use simple present tense to express or speak of any Habit or a custom, which is repeated very often.

For example, He plays football every day.

  • To speak of future plans/ timetables.

For example, She walks every morning. He goes for a jog every night.

  • To state facts or general truths.

For example, she hates liars. He admires honesty.

  • To tell jokes and stories or to report sporting events in real-time.

For example, John makes fun of Jill’s nasal accent. Rio passes the ball to Shane for a goal.

Let’s practice:

  1. Make a tense using the simple present tense.
  2. Fill in the simple present tense in the following blanks by choosing the right word from the brackets.
  • She __________draws (Like/Likes/liked)
  • She __________melodiously at the concert (sings/sang/will sing)
  • He ___________to the market every afternoon (go/goes/will go)

Read more on Simple Past tense: Click here

Read more on Simple Future tense: Click here

Read more on the 12 tenses of Engish grammar with detailed explanation and easy examples: Click here

Eigooo, the English Training Chat Application

To improve your English, the best way is to practice every day.

Eigooo supports you with a 24/7 chat service with real teachers.

  • You can chat with the teacher one-on-one.
  • The teacher will make immediate corrections to your messages.
  • No need to make a reservation. You can start whenever you want.
  • The free trial is ready.

Sign up now and get free messages to try it out

Verb Tenses: How to use them with examples.

Tenses: Types, meaning and examples

Verbs come in three tenses: past, present, and future, They are further subdivided into 12 categories.

What are the 12 Tenses in English and why are they important?

Verb tenses in English are broadly divided into the past, present, and future. In English grammar, tenses are used to indicate when an action happened and if it is still going on or finished. The tense of a verb is used to refer to time while communicating in English.

There are 12 tenses in the English language. Namely:

  1. Simple present
  2. Present continuous
  3. Present perfect
  4. Present perfect continuous
  5. Simple past
  6. Past continuous
  7. Past perfect
  8. Past perfect continuous
  9. Simple future
  10. Future continuous
  11. Future perfect
  12. Future perfect continuous
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Know Past Simple Tense – Advanced

Ren Was House Shopping Alone: The Scary Music Box

Obviously enough, Past Simple Tense is used to describe an event that began and ended in the past. Here’s a dialogue that’s mostly spoken in Past Simple Tense:

“I walked into the bedroom, and suddenly there was music coming from a box,” said Ren.

“What did the box look like?, “asked Haru. 

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Basics of Past Simple Tense for Beginners

Qi Winked at Me

Past Simple Tense is used to describe an event that began and ended in the past, like winking, the act of blinking your eyelids to convey an emotion. To put “wink” in Past Simple Tense, we simply change it to “winked.”

This is true for all Regular Verbs. Regular Verbs in the past tense get d/ed at the end. For example, “hug” turns to “hugged.” But, Nouns don’t change with tense. 

In fact, to detect a Past Simple Tense sentence, merely look for the Main Verb. Most often, for those sentences that Regular Verbs are used, d/ed is found hidden among other grammatical features. 

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Know more about Future time: going to

Levi is going to celebrate Arbor Day

Today we are going to discuss Arbor Day and the Future Time Tense Phrase “going to.” The Future Time Tense “Going to” isn’t hard to use. Let’s look at an example:

On Arbor Day,  individuals and groups are encouraged to plant trees. Nowadays, many people, in many different countries, observe this green holiday. Levi is going to celebrate Arbor Day too.

After reading the example, you may have deduced that the Future Time Phrase “going to” simply means somebody will do something in the future. In the above example, Levi will celebrate the occasion by planting a tree. 

This can be rewritten as: 

“Levi will celebrate Arbor Day.”

Both sentences are correct and have the same meaning. 

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Learn about Future time: going to

I’m going to tell you a secret

The Future Time Phrase “going to” is easy to use. “Going to” simply means you will do something in the future. You have made plans and will follow those plans. 

The Future Time Phrase “going to” can be used like this:

I’m going to (Verb)

This is the simplest form of the sentence and here is an example :

“I’m going to run.” 

By saying this, the speaker is telling the listener that they will “run” in the future, but almost any other Verb may be used. 

Although Future Time Phrases speak of events that will happen, a simple present tense verb is always used. Never use “I will running.” It simply isn’t correct. 

Another way to use The Future Time Phrase is by adding a Pronoun at the beginning of the sentence, telling the listener who will do something in the future. For example:

“Qi is going to walk.” 

Putting it together, you can say:

“I am going to run, but Qi is going to walk.”

By saying this, you are clearly telling the listener what will happen in the future. 

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Know Narrative Tense: Simple Past and Past Continuous

Tara was going to Ceylan when it changed its name to Sri Lanka.

Sometimes, Narrative Tense uses a mixture of tenses. For example, when talking about two events that began and ended in the past, you may have to use both Simple Past and Continuous (Progressive) tense. Especially if you were interrupted while doing something.

As you may recall, Simple Past Tense used the Infinitive Verb + ed. For instance, you may hear a Native English speaker say: 

“Yesterday, I walked to work.”

This is a Simple Past Tense. The speaker began and ended their walk yesterday.

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Know what is Narrative Tense?

Homer slowly typed a poem

Narrative Tense speaks of an event that began and ended in the past. Narrative Tense is often found in stories, books, textbooks, and descriptions of past events.

Like all tenses, Narrative Tense is created by conjugating The Verb, causing it to either match the sentence’s Subject or relationship to when an event occurred. For example, 

“I write to you,”

uses the simple present form of the Verb “write,” indicating that the speaker wrote and will continue to write to the listener. This cycle of writing and sending letters could go on forever. However, to put the above example in the Narrative Tense, it would be written as: 

“I wrote to you,”

Meaning that the speaker wrote the listener in the past, but might not write again. Here’s another example:

Homer felt sorrow because of a recent breakup. But, Homer didn’t cry. Instead, he slowly typed a poem. He knew it wasn’t going to be the greatest poem ever, but putting his feeling on paper helped him heal.

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