In all cases, an Adverb describes a Verb, Adjective, or another Adverb. For example, “quickly” is an Adverb that may be used to describe the speed of action. It is often used in sentences like, “He quickly runs”. But today, we are discussing Adverbs of Frequency. Adverbs of Frequency describe how often an event occurs.
There are two types of Adverbs of Frequency, definite and indefinite. Definite Adverbs of Frequency give the exact time of an event, such as hourly. For example, you may hear a native English speaker say, “The train arrives, hourly”. But, Indefinite Adverbs of Frequency are abstract. “Always” is an Indefinite Adverb of Frequency, a few things always happen.
When talking to native English speakers, you will encounter Mixed Conditionals. In these sentences, the main clause’s tense differs from the tense of the Object. To clarify, in a Mixed Conditional sentence, the Subject and the Object refer to different periods of time. The Subject refers to the past and the Object to the present or future. Interestingly, Mixed Conditional sentences discuss an unreal event by using the Conjunction “if.” Here’s an example, “If we had bought a map, we wouldn’t be lost.” Buying the map is not a real event, it’s hypothetical.
A Mixed Conditional contains: If + past perfect… would + Infinitive
The bare Infinitive does not function as a noun., these are somewhat complex, but just know that they are in the final Verb group Don’t worry, it’s not complicated to make a sentence with the Mixed Conditional. Let’s look at an example:
When talking to a native English speaker, you will encounter the Zero Conditional. It’s used to speak of rules of games or science. But don’t panic, it’s easy to spot, Zero Conditionals always have the words “if” or “when” in them. For example, “If it gets below zero, water freezes”. In this sentence, and in all conditional sentences, “if” means in the event that A happens, B will follow. By saying this, the speaker is expressing that “below zero” = “freeze”
A phrasal verb, such as “get away”, contains two or more words, a verb along with other elements of language. While listening to a native English speaker, you will encounter one of these three Phrasal Verb linguistic structures (word orders):
Verb + Adverb (eg break down)
Verb + Preposition (eg see to)
Verb + Adverb + Preposition (eg look down on)
The Adverbs related to these structures (syntaxes) are referred to as Adverbs of Manner. They are always placed after the Verb.
A few common examples of the Adverb + Verb structure are speaking softly, did well, and get away (the subject of today’s lesson).
A phrasal verb, such as to ‘get up’, contains two or more words, a verb along with other elements of language. While listening to a native English speaker, you will encounter one of these three Phrasal Verb linguistic structures (word orders):
Verb + Adverb (example: break down)
Verb + Preposition (example: see to)
Verb + Adverb + Preposition (example look down on)
The preposition “at” is used in expressing the particular location of an item or time an event happens, among other things. For example, we are at the lake. By saying this, the speaker is telling the listener that they are located near the lake.
Another example, we go to bed at nine o’clock. By saying this, the speaker is telling the listener the exact time they go to sleep.
The place preposition “on” is used to describe something that’s physically touching another object and is usually resting on the object’s topmost surface. For example, it is on the table. By saying this, you’re telling the listener that “it” is physically touching the top of the table, “it” is resting on the table’s top surface.
Another example, the cat is on the roof. By saying this, you’re telling the listener that the cat is outside and resting on top of the roof.
The place preposition “in” is used to describe something that’s inside of something else. For example, he is in the house. By saying this, you’re telling the listener that the man, “he,” is surrounded by (in) the house.
Another example, the cat is in the hat. By saying this, you’re telling the listener that the cat is inside the hat.