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Know about Phrasal Verb: Look after

Won’t you look after my pet Boa Constrictor?

A Phrasal Verb, not to be confused with Verb Phrase (as in SVO), is an idiomatic expression. As you may recall, idiomatic expressions are sayings that are understood because of use, rather than diction (dictionary definition).

Phrasal Verbs usually contain a Verb and Adverb or Preposition. For example, “look after,” our phrase of the day contains the Verb “look” and the Adverb “after.”  However, “look down,” another common Phrasal Verb, includes a Verb and a Preposition. 

Common Phrasal Verb expressions include “look down, watch out” and “listen closely.” Each contains two words, a Verb plus another word. 

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Learn about forming Polite Imperatives

Please turn down the radio 

The Imperative is used to command, request, or forbid (tell others not to do things that may harm them). But, Imperative Sentences don’t come across all that polite. In fact, Imperative Sentences can sometimes be seen as rude by the listener.

However, the speaker can use “please” to form a Polite Imperative. 

To form a Polite Imperative, place the word “please” at the beginning or end of a sentence. For example, a speaker may say:

“Turn down the radio, please.” 

The above sentence is a polite way to request the listener to lower the radio’s volume. The speaker may also say: 

“Please turn down the radio.” 

Both Polite Imperative Sentences are correct. And, both mean the same thing. 

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Forming Imperatives Sentences

Stop! Put your hand up!

Imperative Sentences call for action.

They are used to give commands, instructions, warnings, and advice. Imperative Sentences can forbid the listener from doing certain things like those that are harmful to them. Or, they can be in the form of a request. No matter what, Imperative Sentences require action. 

For example, as a child, did you play Cops And Robbers? If so, you probably used this phrase in your native language: 

    “Stop! Put your hands up! You’re under arrest!”

The above 2 sentences are both Imperatives. In the example, the speaker is commanding the listener to act. The listener must “stop” what they are doing and put their “hands up.” 

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Know more about Future time: going to

Levi is going to celebrate Arbor Day

Today we are going to discuss Arbor Day and the Future Time Tense Phrase “going to.” The Future Time Tense “Going to” isn’t hard to use. Let’s look at an example:

On Arbor Day,  individuals and groups are encouraged to plant trees. Nowadays, many people, in many different countries, observe this green holiday. Levi is going to celebrate Arbor Day too.

After reading the example, you may have deduced that the Future Time Phrase “going to” simply means somebody will do something in the future. In the above example, Levi will celebrate the occasion by planting a tree. 

This can be rewritten as: 

“Levi will celebrate Arbor Day.”

Both sentences are correct and have the same meaning. 

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Learn about Future time: going to

I’m going to tell you a secret

The Future Time Phrase “going to” is easy to use. “Going to” simply means you will do something in the future. You have made plans and will follow those plans. 

The Future Time Phrase “going to” can be used like this:

I’m going to (Verb)

This is the simplest form of the sentence and here is an example :

“I’m going to run.” 

By saying this, the speaker is telling the listener that they will “run” in the future, but almost any other Verb may be used. 

Although Future Time Phrases speak of events that will happen, a simple present tense verb is always used. Never use “I will running.” It simply isn’t correct. 

Another way to use The Future Time Phrase is by adding a Pronoun at the beginning of the sentence, telling the listener who will do something in the future. For example:

“Qi is going to walk.” 

Putting it together, you can say:

“I am going to run, but Qi is going to walk.”

By saying this, you are clearly telling the listener what will happen in the future. 

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Know Narrative Tense: Simple Past and Past Continuous

Tara was going to Ceylan when it changed its name to Sri Lanka.

Sometimes, Narrative Tense uses a mixture of tenses. For example, when talking about two events that began and ended in the past, you may have to use both Simple Past and Continuous (Progressive) tense. Especially if you were interrupted while doing something.

As you may recall, Simple Past Tense used the Infinitive Verb + ed. For instance, you may hear a Native English speaker say: 

“Yesterday, I walked to work.”

This is a Simple Past Tense. The speaker began and ended their walk yesterday.

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Know what is Narrative Tense?

Homer slowly typed a poem

Narrative Tense speaks of an event that began and ended in the past. Narrative Tense is often found in stories, books, textbooks, and descriptions of past events.

Like all tenses, Narrative Tense is created by conjugating The Verb, causing it to either match the sentence’s Subject or relationship to when an event occurred. For example, 

“I write to you,”

uses the simple present form of the Verb “write,” indicating that the speaker wrote and will continue to write to the listener. This cycle of writing and sending letters could go on forever. However, to put the above example in the Narrative Tense, it would be written as: 

“I wrote to you,”

Meaning that the speaker wrote the listener in the past, but might not write again. Here’s another example:

Homer felt sorrow because of a recent breakup. But, Homer didn’t cry. Instead, he slowly typed a poem. He knew it wasn’t going to be the greatest poem ever, but putting his feeling on paper helped him heal.

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Know about Intensifier: Enough

There’s enough love to go around

The Intensifier “enough” expresses that there’s the right amount of something. When there’s enough, there’s not too much and not too little.

For instance, you’re at a cafe and a waitress says to you,

“Is there enough cream in your coffee?” 

She isn’t asking if there is cream in your coffee, she knows there is. The waitress wants to know if there is the right amount of cream in your coffee. The Intensifier “enough” seeks to find out if something is just right. 

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With this in mind, you may hear a native speaker saying: 

“There’s enough love to go around.” 

By using the Intensifier “enough,” the speaker is telling the listener that people are good by nature. 

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Know about Intensifier: Rather

Your eyes are rather bewitching

Before we begin, I’d like to say something about today’s word. Today’s word is “bewitching”. It’s a fun word. It means so beautiful that you cannot think about anything else. And, we have placed this word in a sentence with the Intensifier “rather.” Let’s have a look. 

The Intensifier “rather,” as the name says, strengthens a sentence’s Noun. And so, “rather” is placed in the sentence’s Object (in regards to SVO) before the ending Adjective. For example, you may encounter a native English Speaker saying:

“Your eyes are rather bewitching.” 

By saying this, the speaker is telling the listener that their eyes are so beautiful the speaker cannot think about anything else. 

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