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Gerunds- Definition, Meaning, and Examples(For Beginners)

Meaning of a Gerund 

The gerund is a noun formed from a verb. Simply put, we create Gerunds by adding ing to the end of a Verb. Some examples of Gerunds are “running, staying,” and “buying.” 

Gerunds are used after certain Verbs, like “enjoy, avoid, finish, suggest,” and “keep.” Below are some examples of the Gerund in action. 

Gerunds may appear alone or with other words to form a Gerund Phrase. Collectively, this phrase behaves like a single noun.

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Red Flag (Idiom) Definition, meaning with Examples.

What does a red flag (idiom) mean?

The Idiom “Red flag” is often used to signify danger. “Red flag,” as a Noun, is a warning of danger. For example, “His actions raised a red flag”. By saying this, the speaker is telling the listener that the man in question was doing something suspicious, troubles could arise from his actions.

As a Verb, the phrase also signals danger. When used in Verb form, you may encounter the gerund or past tense of the word, such as:

  • Red-flagging
  • Red-flagged

Examples of the idiom “red flag”

  • Fever is the body’s red flag.
  • Teachers always check for red flags such as tardiness and absences.
  • Feeling of anxiety, depression is often considered as the mind’s Red flag.
  • Employers consider a constant shift in jobs as a red flag.
  • She saw a red flag when the boss asked her for personal favors.

Color Idiom

Often, the English language uses idioms that invoke color imagery, like, I feel blue, in the pink, red flag, etc. These figures of speech are used because colors have a strong association with emotions. For example, “Bulls (male cows) are color blind, but a matador (bullfighter), uses a red flag to provoke the animal”. Why use a red rag to anger a colorblind bull?

An image representing the idiom “Red Flag”
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Idiom: “foot the bill”-definition, meaning, and examples.

Definition and meaning of the idiom “foot the bill”

What does the idiom “foot the bill” mean? How can I use the idiom “foot the bill in a full sentence?”

You may even encounter a native speaker using the idiom “to foot the bill.” This saying, counter-intuitively, has nothing to do with feet. By saying this, the speaker is stating that they will pay the bill.

For example, “William often dines with us, but he never foots the bill” which simply means, he never pays.

An image representing the above statement

Moreover, the person who foots the bill only means he/ she pays the entire bill. The idiom is most often used with dining but can be applied to anything.

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The preposition “between”- Meaning, and examples of using it in full sentences.

Between- Meaning

“Between” can be used in various sentences as a preposition or an adverb. The preposition “between” means “in the time, space, or interval that separates.”

The place preposition “between” is used in expressing the location of a particular item. This item has something on both sides of it.

Examples of “Between” prepositions:

  • I’m sitting between Debbie and Janet. By saying this, you are telling the listeners that Debbie is on one side and Janet is on the other side of you.
An Image explaining the use of the “between” preposition
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How to use Adverb of Certainty “Probably”

We will Probably Live on the Moon

Unsurprisingly, Adverbs of Certainty are used to state how sure we feel about an action or event.

“Probably” is a commonly used Adverb of Certainty. It tells the listener that the speaker is 70-80% sure an event will take place.

For example, A Science fiction Writer once said:

“Mankind will probably live on the Moon someday.”

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Learn about Separable Phrasal Verbs – Advanced

We have already covered Separable Phrasal Verbs in another article. They are: Verb + Object + Preposition

They are based on simple Phrasal Verbs:

Verb + Preposition

An example of a Separable Phrasal Verb is “turn down,” the topic of today’s lesson.

Separable Phrasal Verbs

Turn The Volume Down

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Learn about Separable Phrasal Verbs – Basics

Scat Singing Cheers me up

What is Scat Singing, you may ask? In Jazz, an American style of music, Scat Singing is the use of nonsense words like “zippity zippity zippity zam za zim” to make improvised melodies. 

How do nonsense words relate to learning English? In our case, these sounds cheer the Speaker up, which brings us to Phrasal Verbs – “cheer up” is a Phrasal Verb. 

In general, Phrasal Verbs are a Verb + Preposition combination, like “cheer up.” But, there’s another kind of Phrasal Verb too, the Separable Phrasal Verb. 

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Know Past Simple Tense – Advanced

Ren Was House Shopping Alone: The Scary Music Box

Obviously enough, Past Simple Tense is used to describe an event that began and ended in the past. Here’s a dialogue that’s mostly spoken in Past Simple Tense:

“I walked into the bedroom, and suddenly there was music coming from a box,” said Ren.

“What did the box look like?, “asked Haru. 

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Basics of Past Simple Tense for Beginners

Qi Winked at Me

Past Simple Tense is used to describe an event that began and ended in the past, like winking, the act of blinking your eyelids to convey an emotion. To put “wink” in Past Simple Tense, we simply change it to “winked.”

This is true for all Regular Verbs. Regular Verbs in the past tense get d/ed at the end. For example, “hug” turns to “hugged.” But, Nouns don’t change with tense. 

In fact, to detect a Past Simple Tense sentence, merely look for the Main Verb. Most often, for those sentences that Regular Verbs are used, d/ed is found hidden among other grammatical features. 

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Know about Phrasal Verb: Look Ahead

Look ahead to a bright new future 

In general, Phrasal Verbs contain a Verb along with an Adverb or Preposition.

Taking a closer look, in Phrasal Verbs, the Verb acts as the head of the expression. For example: 

“Look ahead”

“Look down”

“Look out” 

all have the Verb “look” as the head of the Phrase. And, the Verb “look” is followed by a Preposition or Adverb. However, almost any Verb may be used to create a Phrasal Verb. 

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