Basics of Past Simple Tense for Beginners

Qi Winked at Me

Past Simple Tense is used to describe an event that began and ended in the past, like winking, the act of blinking your eyelids to convey an emotion. To put “wink” in Past Simple Tense, we simply change it to “winked.”

This is true for all Regular Verbs. Regular Verbs in the past tense get d/ed at the end. For example, “hug” turns to “hugged.” But, Nouns don’t change with tense. 

In fact, to detect a Past Simple Tense sentence, merely look for the Main Verb. Most often, for those sentences that Regular Verbs are used, d/ed is found hidden among other grammatical features. 

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Know about Phrasal Verb: Look Ahead

Look ahead to a bright new future 

In general, Phrasal Verbs contain a Verb along with an Adverb or Preposition.

Taking a closer look, in Phrasal Verbs, the Verb acts as the head of the expression. For example: 

“Look ahead”

“Look down”

“Look out” 

all have the Verb “look” as the head of the Phrase. And, the Verb “look” is followed by a Preposition or Adverb. However, almost any Verb may be used to create a Phrasal Verb. 

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Idiom- See red!

What is an Idiom?

Many languages, such as Japanese, French, and Arabic, have idioms, but what are they? Simply put, an idiom is a group of words that has a meaning that can’t be deduced through logic.

Interestingly, an idiom’s meaning has been established by usage rather than entries in a dictionary. And so, if you were to look up the words one by one in a dictionary, you wouldn’t gain any clarity on the meaning of the sentence.

Idioms using color:

The English language uses many idioms that invoke color imagery, like, “He has a green thumb”. These figures of speech are used because colors have a strong association with emotions within a culture. For example, among the Japanese, red symbolizes peace and prosperity, but among Americans, it’s the embodiment of rage.

What is the Idiom “See Red”?

Today’s lesson is about the idiom “seeing red.” So, what does the idiomatic expression it made me see red really mean? A person who says “I see red” doesn’t literally see the color red, they’re angry.

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Know about Phrasal Verb: Look after

Won’t you look after my pet Boa Constrictor?

A Phrasal Verb, not to be confused with Verb Phrase (as in SVO), is an idiomatic expression. As you may recall, idiomatic expressions are sayings that are understood because of use, rather than diction (dictionary definition).

Phrasal Verbs usually contain a Verb and Adverb or Preposition. For example, “look after,” our phrase of the day contains the Verb “look” and the Adverb “after.”  However, “look down,” another common Phrasal Verb, includes a Verb and a Preposition. 

Common Phrasal Verb expressions include “look down, watch out” and “listen closely.” Each contains two words, a Verb plus another word. 

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Learn about forming Polite Imperatives

Please turn down the radio 

The Imperative is used to command, request, or forbid (tell others not to do things that may harm them). But, Imperative Sentences don’t come across all that polite. In fact, Imperative Sentences can sometimes be seen as rude by the listener.

However, the speaker can use “please” to form a Polite Imperative. 

To form a Polite Imperative, place the word “please” at the beginning or end of a sentence. For example, a speaker may say:

“Turn down the radio, please.” 

The above sentence is a polite way to request the listener to lower the radio’s volume. The speaker may also say: 

“Please turn down the radio.” 

Both Polite Imperative Sentences are correct. And, both mean the same thing. 

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Forming Imperatives Sentences

Stop! Put your hand up!

Imperative Sentences call for action.

They are used to give commands, instructions, warnings, and advice. Imperative Sentences can forbid the listener from doing certain things like those that are harmful to them. Or, they can be in the form of a request. No matter what, Imperative Sentences require action. 

For example, as a child, did you play Cops And Robbers? If so, you probably used this phrase in your native language: 

    “Stop! Put your hands up! You’re under arrest!”

The above 2 sentences are both Imperatives. In the example, the speaker is commanding the listener to act. The listener must “stop” what they are doing and put their “hands up.” 

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Rainbow Idioms: A Rainbow with Words

Native speakers often use idioms in conversation, so knowing English idioms with their meanings would give English learners an extra tool to express themselves. Using English color idioms or idioms rainbow can always be fun.

What Is An Idiom?

An idiom is a way of saying something in a fancy way! An idiom is an expression that cannot be understood from the meanings of its separate words but has a separate meaning of its own. Confused? Take the example, “ It’s raining cats and dogs.” This is an idiom that means it is raining very heavily, and not that cats and dogs are actually falling from the sky!

Let’s learn more about color idioms popularly used while speaking in English.

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Know more about Future time: going to

Levi is going to celebrate Arbor Day

Today we are going to discuss Arbor Day and the Future Time Tense Phrase “going to.” The Future Time Tense “Going to” isn’t hard to use. Let’s look at an example:

On Arbor Day,  individuals and groups are encouraged to plant trees. Nowadays, many people, in many different countries, observe this green holiday. Levi is going to celebrate Arbor Day too.

After reading the example, you may have deduced that the Future Time Phrase “going to” simply means somebody will do something in the future. In the above example, Levi will celebrate the occasion by planting a tree. 

This can be rewritten as: 

“Levi will celebrate Arbor Day.”

Both sentences are correct and have the same meaning. 

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Nouns: Abstract noun and Collective noun with examples

What is a Noun?

A noun is the name of a person, place, or thing. When we specify who or what we are particularly speaking of for the listener to be able to relate to, that’s called a noun.

Types of Nouns with examples

Types of NounsDefinition Examples
Proper NounName of a person, a place, an animal, or thing Max, Burj Khalifa, October.
Common NounName of a class or section of people, animals, or things Teacher, Doctor, Tiger
Abstract NounThese are feelings, quality or characteristics, ideas, or state of being.Happy, anger, honest, rich.
Collective Noun Denotes a group of nouns or a set of things. They are a group of common nouns and can be counted. Shoal of fish, Swarm of bees, pack of wolves.

How can we identify the type of Noun?

There are 4 main types of nouns to identify:

  • Proper Noun: Proper nouns is the name of a person or of something you specifically imply. It is the name of a person, place, animal or thing
    Examples: Wall Street Journal, Albert Einstein, London, Monday, etc
  • Common Noun: It refers to the name of a class or section of people, animals, or things.
    Examples: Teacher, Nurse, Street, Post office, Table, Bench, etc
  • Abstract Noun: They are nouns used to define anything that cannot be seen, touched, or sensed by any of our senses. An idea, a state of being, a feeling, a quality, or a characteristic quality can be termed abstract nouns.
    For example, you can be sad, and feel the emotion, but not touch it, smell it, taste it, or even see it, but you do know it exists within you.
  • Collective Noun: Nouns that are considered to be a group of nouns or a set of things, people, animals, emotions, or concepts considered as a single whole. They are a group of common nouns and can be counted. 
    For example, a banana is a common noun, the collective noun for it
    will be a bunch of bananas/hand of bananas.
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Learn about Future time: going to

I’m going to tell you a secret

The Future Time Phrase “going to” is easy to use. “Going to” simply means you will do something in the future. You have made plans and will follow those plans. 

The Future Time Phrase “going to” can be used like this:

I’m going to (Verb)

This is the simplest form of the sentence and here is an example :

“I’m going to run.” 

By saying this, the speaker is telling the listener that they will “run” in the future, but almost any other Verb may be used. 

Although Future Time Phrases speak of events that will happen, a simple present tense verb is always used. Never use “I will running.” It simply isn’t correct. 

Another way to use The Future Time Phrase is by adding a Pronoun at the beginning of the sentence, telling the listener who will do something in the future. For example:

“Qi is going to walk.” 

Putting it together, you can say:

“I am going to run, but Qi is going to walk.”

By saying this, you are clearly telling the listener what will happen in the future. 

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