Know about Intensifier: Enough

There’s enough love to go around

The Intensifier “enough” expresses that there’s the right amount of something. When there’s enough, there’s not too much and not too little.

For instance, you’re at a cafe and a waitress says to you,

“Is there enough cream in your coffee?” 

She isn’t asking if there is cream in your coffee, she knows there is. The waitress wants to know if there is the right amount of cream in your coffee. The Intensifier “enough” seeks to find out if something is just right. 

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With this in mind, you may hear a native speaker saying: 

“There’s enough love to go around.” 

By using the Intensifier “enough,” the speaker is telling the listener that people are good by nature. 

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Know about Intensifier: Rather

Your eyes are rather bewitching

Before we begin, I’d like to say something about today’s word. Today’s word is “bewitching”. It’s a fun word. It means so beautiful that you cannot think about anything else. And, we have placed this word in a sentence with the Intensifier “rather.” Let’s have a look. 

The Intensifier “rather,” as the name says, strengthens a sentence’s Noun. And so, “rather” is placed in the sentence’s Object (in regards to SVO) before the ending Adjective. For example, you may encounter a native English Speaker saying:

“Your eyes are rather bewitching.” 

By saying this, the speaker is telling the listener that their eyes are so beautiful the speaker cannot think about anything else. 

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Top 10 Ways To Improve Writing Skills In English

Writing in English can be both a desire and a want too. In a fast-paced world, just having technical skills is no longer enough. If you need to be competitive and be able to go beyond your limitations, writing in English is an essential skill to master over. There are many reasons why you must consider practicing your English writing skills over Spoken English.

7 Important reasons for writing in English

Writing Skill has been widely considered as an essential skill to master be it by students or professionals, or in learning English as a Second Language (ESL) as it is a skill that helps perfect vocabulary, grammar, present ideas, thoughts, or edit, revise, etc. It is a skill globally recognized and widely incorporated in all our communications done internationally. Here are a few reasons why you must consider enhancing your English writing skills:

1. Email writing

We all have email addresses. Emailing has been an important mode of communication on the internet for decades. Being able to write is important for you to be able to express your thoughts in a manner that can be understood clearly by the reader. It helps you apply for jobs or in making friends, write to family, and apply for a university. Not being able to write well in English can be a hindrance to any of these activities. Both formal and informal emails will always require clear writing.

2. Letter Writing

Letter writing has always been the need of the hour when it comes to connecting with someone far from you, with the world shifting to writing a letter online, be it personal or business letters, enhanced writing skills are the only skill that would help you at letter writing. As opposed to talking on the phone, letter writing is more advanced that would require you to think and express your thoughts with clarity.

3. Paragraph writing

Good writing skills are the handiest skill a student must possess.  Every student as they level up has to write in English during the days of educating themselves, be it in school as a summary writing, paragraph writing, essays, or even precis writing. A student in a college or a university would need to work on a thesis, articles, or writing research papers. Writing skills is one of the most important skills that is tested time and again in almost all exams a student undergoes.

4.Diary Writing

Let’s consider our love for writing personal diaries. We all love to write aimlessly about ourselves, how would we do that with poor writing skills? It is a hindrance with a lot of times when one is unable to express their exact thoughts in writing, we tend to give up on the desire to write. Practicing our writing skills is crucial to expressing our thoughts.

5. Writing blogs/Journals

Every blogger is not someone who has done their master in the English language, they are common people like you and me who know how to express their thoughts in a way that the reader can understand. Writing is the only skill that they master.

6. Applying to a University

Applying to the most desired university is no longer simple. Other than undergoing tests and exams, being able to write a resume, along with a covering letter is crucial. Correct grammar, punctuations, spellings are the key in written communications. It is easier to form a good impression through writing than by talking.

7. Applying for the perfect Job/ Getting more clients

At one time or the other, most of us need to write a job application or reply to an email sent by a client if we already are well placed. Having a great conversation with an interviewer or a client, but not being able to send a well-drafted email, would undo all the efforts and set a poor impression in the client’s mind. Spoken English is necessary, but considering most of your continuous conversations are being written, mastering written skills is equally important to spoken English.

Top 10 ways to improve writing skills in English

Now that we know how crucial writing skills are as a form of communication. Here are the top 10 ways to improve your writing skills.

1. Write daily to become better

For a beginner, it can be hard to understand where to get started in improving writing skills. Writing enhancement can be tricky unless and until you practice it regularly. When it comes to writing you must be practicing it daily. Start small, practice writing a paragraph or answer emails every day.

2. Consider the reader’s mindset while writing

Writing in a language your reader can understand is important. Know what is relevant and interesting, stick to the topic you wish to write on. Being clear on your thoughts is one way of writing it too. Make your writing easy to understand and avoid using fillers.

3. Make an outline before you start

Writing in any form, be it a formal email, letter writing, or even writing an essay or a blog on any topic, needs to be systematic. A professional writer would always work on an outline first, before starting to write. That helps one to stay focussed on the topic and write crisply. Always work on the topic, title, and key points you wish to include in your writing.

4. Write the way you think

It is good to read what others write but copy-pasting what others write is plagiarism, that is a poor show of your writing skills. Be original! Write all that comes to your mind, edit it later, but write what you can think of and not what others thought of.

5. Keep it simple and clear

We all love our writings to be superior in quality and have love to show our knowledge in English by the vocabulary we use in our writings. Consider reading an article with words that you hardly understand, you would soon lose interest in reading it. That’s how your readers would react to your writing if all that you use is complex vocabulary. Good writing is not a usage of difficult vocabulary only, it is all about how it manages to have readers enjoy reading what you write. Keep it simple, and allow your readers to enjoy what you write!

6. Brush up on the basics

Even fluent writers in English love brushing up their knowledge of Basic English grammar. Sentence structure, rules of using the right grammar, and punctuation is a great way to brush up on the basics of writing. Click here to know more about sentence structure and basic grammar rules. 

7. Use an editing tool

It is great to have a professional tool to check what you write. Most text editors, word processors like google, Microsoft word have a built-in proofing tool that helps to correct basic spelling and grammar. However these tools are not perfect, they fail to highlight many errors and mistakes, teaching you very little on how to eliminate grammar errors.

Grammarly and Hemingway are the most popular professional tools used by almost everyone writing on the internet. They are online editors that can help you improve your writing by identifying specific writing errors, suggesting corrections, and showing different and better ways of framing the same sentence. This helps in understanding different ways of framing your ideas in a written format.

8. Find a writing partner

Practicing your writing skills all by yourself can be a daunting task when you are not sure of the mistakes you make. Having a writing partner in such a case would be a boon to beginners who wish to learn writing. Chatting apps/ Online learning apps that connect you to live teachers is a great way to practice writing as you chat. Eigooo is one such online platform that allows you to chat on any topic with teachers, improving your writing skills with the teachers correcting your errors as you chat with them.

9. Do a final read-through

After writing, even with the editing apps checking for errors, it is recommended you read out what you wrote loud enough as the final test. Some things can be grammatically correct but sound unnatural to the ears. If any part of your writing sounds weird while reading out loud, you could rephrase it for better clarity.

10. Create Templates

If you find yourself writing a similar document repeatedly, such as replying in a set format to business emails or applying to too many universities, it is best to create a template for that document, that would save time and increase efficiency every time you write it. Email templates are widely used and serve as a huge time saver for entrepreneurs who use them.

Conclusion: Master your Writing skills in English

There is always room for improvement when it comes to mastering writing skills. If you are a non-native English speaker, it is best to use a professional editing tool that has your back when it comes to writing. Any investment there is a great investment to learning and for a better future.

Eigooo, the English Training Chat Application

To improve your English, the best way is to practice every day.
Eigooo supports you with a 24/7 chat service with real teachers.

  • You can chat with the teacher one-on-one.
  • The teacher will make immediate corrections to your messages.
  • No need to make a reservation. You can start whenever you want.
  • The free trial is ready.

Sign up now and get free messages to try it out.

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PASS IELTS- Registration, preparation tips and passing criteria

Introduction to IELTS

IELTS or The International English Language testing system is an international test recognized worldwide that evaluates the English proficiency of non-native English language speakers. It was first established in the year 1989. It is one of the major English language tests in the world. This test assesses the English language proficiency of non-native English speakers. It was started about 41 years ago with more than 1600 test centers in over 140 countries now.

Countries accepting IELTS test scores for immigration purposes

IELTS is accepted by most Australian, British, Canadian, European, Irish and New Zealand academic institutions, by over 3,000 academic institutions in the United States, and by various professional organisations across the world. 

It is the only secure English language test approved by UK visas and immigration (UKVI). The IELTS tests assess the ability of a candidate to listen, read, write, and speak in English. It is developed by experts at Cambridge English language assessment with inputs from writers from around the world. The band scores of IELTS used for each language skill (listening, reading, writing, and speaking) ranges from 0 (these are the ones who do not attempt the test) to 9 ( these are experts who scored the highest in this test) with each institution setting a different threshold. Usually, institutions do not consider test scores older than two years as valid scores. There can be an exception if the candidate proves to have maintained their proficiency in English, though

Countries that popularly accept IELTS

Canada

In Canada, IELTS is accepted for citizenship and immigration to Canada. It is through universities and colleges across Canada. You must take the IELTS tests if you wish to shift to Canada for work, education, or to live there. You would need to score a minimum band score of at least 6, to be allowed to emigrate to Canada.

USA

More than 3,000  institutions in the USA accept IELTS test scores as evidence of proficiency in English Language skills. The minimum band score required in the USA can vary from 6.0 to 7.0.

New Zealand

To apply for a New Zealand visa permit, you need to apply in the category of skilled migrants. In which, the immigrant must have an overall band score of 6.5 in IELTS.

UK (United Kingdom)

IELTS Academic, General Training, and Life Skills are all accepted by the UK visa and immigration (UKVI). It is for those who want to work, study, or emigrate to the UK. You need to at least have a band score of 6.5 in each test and 7 as the overall band score for better placement.

Ireland

Ireland accepts an IELTS score with a band requirement of at least 6.5 overall and 6.0 in each module. Hence to emigrate to Ireland, a test score of a minimum of 6.0 is mandatory.

Australia

Australia has a point-based immigration system, and the IELTS is an important part of the assessment for it. It is acceptable by the Australian government. and has been approved. It is also needed for visa and immigration purposes. Further, you need to fulfill the minimum band requirements of at least 5.5 in every module.

Types of IELTS Tests

There are different types of IELTS tests you can take. The type of test to take would be the purpose of taking the test and the country you wish to emigrate to. The IELTS test has two variants:

1. IELTS Academic

A  student who desires to have an education abroad in countries such as the UK,  Ireland, Australia, New Zealand or Canada among others are required to take the IELTS academic exam. The academic exam has questions and tasks that are relevant to interactions that a student would have and is more academic in nature. 

The IELTS academic exam for immigration purposes can only be taken by medical professionals who wish to apply as a skilled migrant. This applies to doctors, nurses and nursing assistants, pharmacies, lab technicians, and other professionals

2. IELTS General Training

Anyone who wishes to emigrate from their home country to an English- speaking country is required to write the IELTS general training. In the IELTS general training, the writing and reading section of questions pertains to everyday work and life.

If a student wishes to continue staying back in a foreign country for work purposes after the completion of their education may have to take an IELTS general training to apply for the work visa but there are also some countries that allow international students to pursue work after graduation as an extension of the initial student visa. It is good to do a double check since the immigration policies of every country are different from each other. Professionals looking to emigrate to countries such as Australia or Canada have to take the IELTS general training. This however cannot be interchanged with an IELTS academic score.

The IELTS test format

It is an advantage to understand the format of IELTS to be able to score well in this test. Make sure you are familiar with how the IELTS test works.  The two 2 IELTS tests available, which are IELTS academic and IELTS general training, are both graded in exactly the same way.

The first three parts of the test are usually taken on the same day in the following order:

Listening Test

The IELTS listening test is designed to assess a wide range of listening skills including how well a test giver can understand the main ideas and specific factual information. whether they are able to recognize the opinions, attitudes, and purpose of a speaker. if they are able to follow the development of an argument.

The IELTS listening test contains 40 questions with each correct answer awarded one mark the score of out of these 40 questions are converted to the IELTS 9 band scale scores are either reported in whole or half bands.

Reading Test

The reading test is to assess how quickly and efficiently one could read and manage one’s time. The candidate will be asked to read three different passages and answer questions in the IELTS reading test. The content of the reading test is different for both the academic and the general IELTS training tests.

The IELTS reading test also contains 40 questions with each correct answer awarded 1 mark. The score of these 40 questions is converted to the IELTS 9 band scale scores. The academic and the general training reading test are graded on the same scale; however, the academic reading test can have reading passages which contain more difficult vocabulary with greater complexity of Style.

Writing Test

The IELTS writing test is to assess the English writing skills of the candidate along with assessing how well a student could respond appropriately, organize ideas and use a wide range of vocabulary and grammar accurately. The writing test is on general topics. Candidates will be presented with an imaginary situation and asked to write based on the situation.

A band score for the writing test is measured on each of these four:

  •  Task achievement
  •  Coherence and Cohesion
  •  Lexical resource
  •  Grammatical range and accuracy

 The benchmark is measured equally and the score on the tasks is the average band score.

There are no breaks between the days the Listening, Reading, and writing tests are held. However, the last test, which is the speaking test, can be held on the same day as the other three tests or a week before or after that depending on the arrangements by the University.

Speaking Test

The speaking test would involve a certified examiner in the IELTS speaking test. It is interactive and as close to a real-life situation. A variety of accents can be used and the test is usually recorded. However, the content of the IELTS speaking test is the same for both the academic and the general IELTS training test.

The IELTS speaking test is designed to assess a wide range of skills the examiner will want to test, such as:

  • If the student can communicate their opinions and information on general topics and common experiences.
  • If they could speak at length on a given topic using appropriate link full stop
  • If they could express and justify the opinions
  • Organize the ideas, analyze and discuss issues easily in English.
  • If a user can relax and talk fluently and sound as natural as possible.

The speaking test examiners use assessment criteria to award a band score for each of the four criteria

  •  Fluency and coherence
  •  Lexical resource
  •  Grammatical range and accuracy
  •  Pronunciation

These criteria are weighted equally and the speaking band score is the average of it all.

Tips and tricks to pass the IELTS exam

The IELTS exam is one of the most recognized exams which are used by many English-speaking countries for immigration of foreign nationals, be it for a student visa or for work purposes. It is also an exam that comes at a cost to attempt it. Universities charge an exam fee close to $194. Hence it is recommended you prepare for this exam thoroughly before attempting it.

To prepare for the IELTS exam it is important to understand the test format.   

1. Know the test format well

Familiarise yourself with the format of the test by reviewing the test content, as well as the questions and task types for each section. I have mentioned this above under “The IELTS test format” in the same blog post.

2. Read the rules and regulations of the IELTS exam

It is important to read the IELTS exam rules and regulations that are shared with candidates at the time of registration, through the notice and declarations included in the application form.

3. Practice with Sample questions

The candidate should always practice with sample questions that can help you familiarize yourself with the format of the test.

Click on this to check the sample test questions that will help you prepare for your IELTS test. This will give you an idea of what to expect in the Listening, Reading, Writing, and Speaking test.

4. Take the Practice Test on the official website

Once you have done your practice and feel prepared to give the IELTS exam, it is important to test yourself by getting a progress check on the official practice test. Progress check site for IELTS academic exam / Progress check site for IELTS General training exam.

This test is an official online practice test that is marked by IELTS-trained and qualified markers. Once you give the practice test, you would receive feedback, including the overall band score with an individual band score for each exercise on listening, reading,  writing, and speaking. This will help you to prepare and understand which areas you need to improve and focus on.

5. Paid Preparation courses

If you are not sure, practice for the test on your own. I would recommend you take the assistance of a paid preparation course. There are various IELTS centers and language schools around the world that help with IELTS preparations.

Online English teaching apps that connect you to real teachers like Duolingo.com, Eigooo.com,  and Cambly.com  are popular teaching sites that help you practice English with a teacher online.

How to apply for IELTS,  the registration,  and the eligibility criteria

Eligibility Criteria

Now that you know all about the IELTS test, let us understand the eligibility criteria/who can take these tests. The IELTS exam is open for all and there are no specific eligibility criteria. There are many institutes that have different eligibility criteria but the IELTS test in specific has no selection criteria. However, these are some points which a candidate must keep in mind before registering for the IELTS exam:

  1. The minimum age of the candidate must be 16 years and above.
  2. The candidate must have a valid, non-expired passport.
  3. You will be eligible to take the IELTS if you are planning to emigrate to the UK, New Zealand, or Canada
  4. If you are planning to study in the USA, the UK, Canada, Australia, or New Zealand,
  5. If you wish to study in the USA, UK, or Australia as a medical professional.

Registration process for IELTS

You could register for IELTS both online or via an offline process. IELTS registration of the IELTS test is available on fixed dates per year depending on the demand from country to country. Candidates can also reattempt the test whenever they want. There is no limit to the number of times the candidate attempts the IELTS test, however, every time a candidate registers for the IELTS exam, he or she would have to pay an exam fee of about $194.

Steps to Register for the IELTS exam online

1.Visit the official IELTS website

2.Click on book a test.

3. Select your preferred test

4. Check for the test location closest to you

5. Fill in your personal details (Form for personal details)  

6. Upload the image of your passport as instructed on the registration site.

7. Select the list of colleges that you want to send the test reports to (This is for students who want to give an academic test)

8. Pay the test fee as prescribed on the IELTS registration website. Fees can be paid online using a debit/credit card.

9. Once the payment has been made a candidate can take a printout of the acknowledgment receipt

Steps to Register for the IELTS exam offline/in person

  1. Visit the official IELTS website
  2. Click on book a test.
  3. Select your preferred test,  
  4. Check for the test location closest to you
  5. Select your preferred location
  6. Click on “Register for IELTS on paper”
  7. Download the application form to print, complete, and submit to your local test center
  8. Documents required at the time of registration include a photocopy of your passport ID (front and back page) signed and dated declaration document.
  9. Proceed to pay the test fee at the counter of the local test center after all the documents necessary are accepted and approved by the authority.

IELTS Test Results

  • The results are usually declared in13 days after the test dates for paper tests. (3-5 days for computer-delivered IELTS).
  • Test centers will either post your Test Report Form to you or have it ready for you to pick up in person. You can also collect your TRF at the IDP IELTS offices. You would need to carry your passport as a form of identity proof in order to pick your TRF.
  • You will receive one copy of your Test Report Form*. (*Those applying to Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) will receive two. You will need to provide the test center with proof of application to IRCC.)
  • If you have nominated institutions to receive copies of your IELTS test results, these will be sent automatically on your behalf.  Any additional copies will incur a small administration charge.

Eigooo, the English Training Chat Application

To improve your English, the best way is to practice every day.
Eigooo supports you with a 24/7 chat service with real teachers.

  • You can chat with the teacher one-on-one.
  • The teacher will make immediate corrections to your messages.
  • No need to make a reservation. You can start whenever you want.
  • The free trial is ready.

Sign up now and get free messages to try it out.

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Know the negative adverbials: seldom

Seldom have I been to the fair

“Seldom” can be used as a Negative Adverbial. And, the Negative Adverbial “seldom” causes a sentence to have an impact.  It makes the sentence come across as more striking and surprising.

Here’s an example: 

“Seldom have I been to a fair.” 

By saying this, the speaker is using the Negative Adverbial “seldom” to say that they rarely go to fairs. 

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Tenses in English Grammar, examples, and tips to remember them

Tenses in English help us to speak and write more clearly so people can understand us. Without tenses, it would be difficult for us to know the exact time something happened. English tenses are one of the basic skills used in English Grammar for communication.          

What are the 12 Tenses in English and why are they important?

Tenses in English are broadly divided into the past, present, and future. In English grammar, tenses are used to indicate when an action happened and if it is still going on or finished. The tense of a verb is used to refer to time while communicating in English.

Tenses are important while learning English because they are used to describe daily events in our lives. An English learner who has mastered English tenses will find it easy to communicate with others in writing and speech. Therefore, tenses in English are an important part of English Grammar and are useful in any situation.

There are 12 tenses in the English language. Namely:

  1. Simple present
  2. Present continuous
  3. Present perfect
  4. Present perfect continuous
  5. Simple past
  6. Past continuous
  7. Past perfect
  8. Past perfect continuous
  9. Simple future
  10. Future continuous
  11. Future perfect
  12. Future perfect continuous

The 12 Tenses of English Grammar

The Present Tenses

The Present tenses are used to describe what is happening in the present and in everyday situations. There are four present tense forms: Simple present, Present continuous, Present perfect, and the Present perfect continuous tense. Let’s learn more about them.

1. Simple Present Tense

The Present Simple Tense is used to describe an action that happens in the present and for events that happen regularly. The Simple Present Tense uses the root form of the verb or adds an “s” or “es” to it. 

Examples of how the Simple Present Tense is formed are:

  • Messi plays football really well.
  • I sing when I take a shower.
  • Katy goes to work daily.

2. Present Continuous Tense

The Present Continuous Tense is used to describe an action that is happening currently and for events that happen frequently. The Present Continuous Tense is formed by using “to be (am/is/are)” and 
adding “ing” to the verb.

Note: Verbs ending with “ing” are in Present Participle form. 

Examples of how the Present Continuous Tense is formed are:

  • Roger is waiting for the train to arrive.
  • They are hoping to catch the next flight. 
  • I am studying in high school. 

3. Present Perfect Tense

The Present Perfect Tense is used to describe an action that began in the past and continued till the present, and for events that occurred sometime in the past.  The Present Perfect Tense is formed by using “have/has” and adding “ed” or “d” to the root form of the verb. 

Note: Verbs ending with “ed” or “d” are in Past Participle form. 

Examples of how the Present Perfect Tense is formed are:

  • The maid has finished cleaning all the rooms. 
  • They have wanted to buy a house for a long time. 
  • Ruth has played basketball before. 

4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense

The Present Perfect Continuous Tense is used to describe an action that began in the past and is ongoing currently. The Present Perfect Continuous Tense is formed by using “has been/have been” with the Present Participle of the verb. 

Examples of how the Present Perfect Continuous is formed are:

  • Riko has been practicing to take part in the marathon next month.
  • We have been driving all night. 
  • She has been saving to travel abroad recently. 

The Past Tenses

The Past tenses are used to describe what happened in the past. The four forms of Past tense are Simple past, Past continuous, Past perfect, and the Past perfect continuous tense. 

5. Simple Past Tense

The Simple Past Tense is used to describe an action that occurred or was completed in the past. The Simple Past Tense is formed by adding “ed” or “d” to the root form of regular verbs. 

Note: Irregular verbs like “cost” and “hurt” remain the same in Simple Past Tense. Other irregular verbs: Buy -> Bought, Come -> Came, Eat -> Ate

Examples of how the Simple Past Tense is formed are:

  • Daphne smiled as she crossed the finish line.
  • We ate at a fast-food chain last weekend. 
  • He hurt his hand while playing baseball last week. 

6. Past Continuous Tense

The Past Continuous Tense is used to describe an action that was ongoing at some point in the past or that got interrupted.  The Past Continuous Tense is formed by using the past tense of “to be (was/were)” with the Present Participle of the verb. 

Examples of how the Past Continuous Tense is formed are:

  • Mom was cooking most of the time during the holidays.
  • They were laughing uncontrollably until the movie ended. 
  • Yesterday night, I was studying for my test. 

7. Past Perfect Tense

The Past Perfect Tense is used to describe an action that was completed before a specific moment in the past. The Past Perfect Tense is formed by using “had” with the past participle of the verb. 

Examples of how the Past Perfect Tense is formed are:

  • He had finished eating when his friends arrived.
  • Kate had booked an appointment before she left the house.  
  • If Tim had studied during the weekend, he would have found the exam easy.  

8. Past Perfect Continuous Tense

The Past Perfect Continuous Tense is used to describe an action that began in the past and continued up to a certain point in the past. The Past Perfect Continuous is formed by using “had been” with the present participle of the verb.

Examples of how the Past Perfect Continuous Tense is formed are:

  • Kevin had been living with his brother for a year before he bought his own house. 
  • The students had been sitting quietly in the library before the argument began.
  • We had been using candles to study when the lights came back on. 

The Future Tenses

The Future tenses are used to describe what is going to happen in the future.  The four forms of Future tense are Simple Future, Future continuous, Future perfect, and Future perfect continuous tense.

9. Simple Future Tense

The Simple Future Tense is used to describe an action that hasn’t happened yet. The Simple Future Tense is formed by using “will” with the root of the verb. 

Examples of how the Simple Future Tense is formed are:

  • It looks like it will stop raining soon.
  • Mark will stay in a dorm when he joins college. 
  • The kids will need help to complete the test on time. 

10. Future Continuous Tense

The Future Continuous Tense is used to describe an action that will start and continue for a certain period of time in the future. The Future Continuous Tense is formed by using “will be” with the present participle of the verb. 

Examples of how the Future Continuous Tense is formed are:

  • Susan will be traveling to Southeast Asia in the winter.
  • Our team will be taking part in the tournament next week.
  • I will be waiting for you at the airport when your plane lands. 

11. Future Perfect Tense

The Future Perfect Tense is used to describe an action that will finish at a specific time in the future. The Future Perfect Tense is formed by using “will have” with the past participle of the verb.

Examples of how the Future Perfect Tense is formed are:

  • The store will have closed by the time our train reaches the station.
  • She will have finished her exam by 3 PM.
  • We will have prepared everything for the party by Saturday.  

12. Future Perfect Continuous Tense

The Future Perfect Continuous Tense is used to describe an action that begins and continues up to a specific time in the future. The Future Perfect Continuous Tense is formed by using “will have been” with the present participle of the verb.

Examples of how the Future Perfect Continuous is formed are:

  • By the end of this month, I will have been waiting to get my visa for seven weeks.
  • In April, I will have been attending guitar classes for a year.
  • By eight o’clock, we will have been driving for 12 hours straight. 

Tips to Remember English Tenses and Practice Them

The Tenses in English can be difficult to remember for a non-native speaker as it takes time to get used to them. But there are methods a learner can use to pick them up faster.

1. Focus on one particular tense at a time

To learn English Tenses properly it is necessary to learn the rules for each type of tense. Rushing through all the rules at once will not help you. 

Begin slowly and choose the Simple Tenses to start with. Write down as many sentences as you can using the Simple past, Simple present, and Simple future, and ask someone who is fluent to check them.

Only after you are confident that you know the Simple Tenses well, move on to the next batch. We have divided this blog into Present, Past, and Future tenses so you can select one and begin.

2. Use Online Exercises and Teaching Apps

You just need to type in “English tenses exercises” on Google and you would find many resources with exercises for you to try. Most of them provide the answers for the tests on their sites, too. 

Another option would be to find a paid or free app that you could use to practice. Among the popular apps, Duolingo, ELSA, and Mondly offer enough exercises for a user without having to subscribe. 

Apps that focus on conversations such as Eigooo would require a subscription which gives the user 24/7 support. 

3. Become familiar with English media

Movies, TV shows, podcasts, and songs are effective sources for a learner to be introduced to everyday uses of the tenses. This method not only shows you when to use certain tenses but also helps you with pronouncing words correctly. 

 A Review of the 12 Tenses in English

Here is a simplified list of the 12 tenses explained in this post. You can use it as a quick reference when you are in doubt.

  • Simple Present Tense: Actions that happen in the present or regularly.
    Verb or Verb + s/es
  • Simple Past Tense: Actions that occurred or were completed in the past.
    Verb + ed/d
  • Simple Future Tense: Actions that haven’t happened yet.
    Will + verb
  • Present Continuous Tense: Actions that are happening currently or frequently.
    Am/Is/Are + verb-ing
  • Past Continuous Tense: Actions that were ongoing in the past or interrupted.
    Was/Were + verb-ing
  • Future Continuous Tense: Actions that will continue for a specific time in the future.
    Will be + verb-ing
  • Present Perfect Tense: Actions that began in the past and continued to the present.
    Have/has + verb-ed/d
  • Past Perfect Tense: Actions that were completed before a specific time in the past.
    Had + verb-ed/d
  • Future Perfect Tense: Actions that will end at a specific time in the future.
    Will have + verb-ed/d
  • Present Perfect Continuous Tense: Actions that began in the past and are ongoing currently.
    Has been/Have been + verb-ing
  • Past Perfect Continuous Tense: Actions that began and continued to a specific time in the past. 
    Had been + verb-ing
  • Future Perfect Continuous Tense: Actions that begin and continue up to a specific time in the future.
    Will have been + verb-ing  

Eigooo, the English Training Chat Application

To improve your English, the best way is to practice every day.
Eigooo supports you with a 24/7 chat service with real teachers.

  • You can chat with the teacher one-on-one.
  • The teacher will make immediate corrections to your messages.
  • No need to make a reservation. You can start whenever you want.
  • The free trial is ready.

Sign up now and get free messages to try it out.

https://youtu.be/vEoA_LwrfVk


Know inversion with negative adverbials: Never

Never have I heard such a sound

Frankly, the Negative Adverbial “never” is not often used. 

Yet, when the Adverbial “never” is uttered, it causes the sentence to be dramatic. 

Here’s a short story with the Negative Adverbial “never.” 

It’s a quiet Sunday. Ann is drinking her morning tea and reading the paper. Typical headlines are printed in black ink across the page: Firefighters Save Cat from Tree and etc. Ann thinks to herself as she reads, there’s really nothing going on today.

But suddenly, there’s a loud crash! In shock, Ann looks up from her paper and says “Never have I heard such a sound!” Worried there was an earthquake, Ann investigates.

It was just chopsticks and a bowl falling from the dryer. 

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Top 5 Online Apps to Learn English Grammar with live Teachers

The Importance of Learning English Grammar

Grammar is the backbone of any language and helps us understand each other. English grammar rules are guidelines that are necessary for accurate communication, whether that be for writing in English or speaking. We need it to avoid misunderstandings and to express our thoughts and emotions clearly. 

There are many ways to learn English Grammar in the modern world. From basic English grammar books that have practice exercises to English speaking online courses.  

The internet is full of resources that anyone can access and use. Many people opt for online English classes because it lets them study from anywhere, and gives them access to the best teachers from around the world.

Simple Methods to Learn English Grammar

1. Identify and focus on your weak areas

After learning basic English grammar, you need to find out which areas are the most difficult for you. Each of us learns at a different pace and that applies to English, too. You might not be clear about the tenses in English, while someone else might be struggling with English articles. 

Once you know where your skills are lacking, you can focus on revising and practising that rule so you can improve.

2. Set aside enough time to learn and practice

This would seem obvious to most people, but many of us lack the determination to make learning a part of our daily routine. If you are a student, you would have more free time and can plan accordingly. For people who go to work daily, maybe setting aside 15 to 30 minutes daily would be possible. 

Our brains are equipped to pick up things we do often, so it is necessary for us to make it a habit to study English grammar daily. This helps us retain what we learn and practice, which in turn makes it easier for us to recollect and use when needed. 

3. Keep a record of your progress

While learning a language, having a point of reference is important to go back to when in doubt. English grammar has many rules that a beginner might not be able to memorize easily. Writing down these rules and practising them by doing grammar exercises is a basic step to learn them.

You can use a notebook to do this or keep an online record that you can access anywhere. Having a record of what you learn will not only show you how much you are learning but also serves as a reference when you are unsure about something. You can also share this record with your friends for their input and feedback.

Top 5 Online Apps to Help You Learn English

English grammar is a skill that a learner needs to practice to develop. Grammar practice exercises and writing in English are important for a fluent communication. Having a teacher to interact with and get feedback from will greatly help a learner get perfect. Here is our list of the top 5 online services that you can use to learn and practice English grammar while having fun conversations with teachers.

1. Duolingo – Play Your Way to English Fluency

Duolingo is one of the highest-rated educational apps on the App Store. Most of the features are available with the free version and users can learn any of the 37 available languages, including English. 

The app follows a game format and users gain virtual coins for completing a lesson. New levels are unlocked and the user’s fluency score increases. Lessons on the app adapt to the user’s method of learning. According to a study, 34 hours on Duolingo can be compared to a university semester of language courses.

What I like best about this app

Voice recognition tests the user’s pronunciation, while translation and listening exercises build a user’s vocabulary. Users can certify their progress by attempting the Duolingo English Test on the app. The certificate is accepted by universities worldwide. 

Fun fact: Game of Thrones fans will be overjoyed to know that High Valyrian is a course on the app. And so is Klingon for the Trekkies (Star Trek) out there.

How to subscribe

  • Login to the website on https://www.duolingo.com/ or access the app by downloading it on Google Play App Store
  • Duolingo Plus takes away any disruptive ads the free version has and comes with the Mastery Quiz which checks what you’ve learned. 
  • Plus users can also download courses from the app. Plans range from $9.99 to $79.99.

2. Preply – Fully Satisfied or Your Money Back

Preply is an online service that offers private lessons with tutors from around the world. Apart from English, there are 23 other languages that a user can choose to learn. With around 18,000 English tutors, a user can filter through the tutor profiles and find one that is most suitable. Whether it be for IELTS, pronunciation, or business English, there are experienced teachers who can help. The service is available on desktop and mobile, so a user can book a lesson in a matter of seconds. 

What I like best about this app

Preply has its own video platform called Preply Space and lets the user keep track of his/her progress online. In-built Learning plans focus on skills such as speech and vocabulary. There are also tutors who specialize in teaching kids and beginners, and tutors who focus on conversational classes.

How to subscribe

  • Login to the website on https://preply.com/ or access the app via Google Play or the App Store
  • Tutors charge at an hourly rate which can range from $5 to $100 for native speakers.   
  • The service promises a 100% satisfaction guarantee, so a user can get a refund if the trial lesson is not up to mark.

3. Eigooo – Real Conversations Anytime, Anywhere

Eigooo has been around since 2013 and offers English learners the opportunity to write in English, attempt grammar exercises, and study English grammar with a real teacher. Eigooo is supported on iPhone, Android, and desktop, which allows the user to log into the app or website and connect to a teacher immediately. It is a 24-hour service with teachers from around the world. 

The focus of Eigooo is to create a relaxed space where users are able to learn at their own pace, so there is no fixed curriculum for the user to follow. Instead, users can opt for a normal chat related to everyday topics, or pick one of the grammar challenges which are inbuilt into the app.

What I like best about this app

Live chat with an English teacher. A service that is unique and one of its kind. The main advantage of using the app is the immediate correction that the teachers provide. A user can get a “good stamp” for every sentence without an error. Sentences with errors are corrected and sent back to the user with the incorrect areas highlighted. This feature enables the user to avoid making the same mistake in the future. 

For those who would rather do something more fun, there are simple games which the user can play with a teacher. The user gets graded by the teacher based on how well the challenge was done. A+, A, and B are the grades that come with every challenge, and the user needs to avoid any error to get the coveted A+. 

Completed challenges, frequency of usage, good stamps, and A/A+ grades all play a role in the ranking system on the app. 

How to subscribe

Subscribe when you like the service. There are different subscription plans ranging from a 50 message pack for $3.99 to the All Day Premium plan for $299.99.  

4. Cambly – Find the Perfect Tutor For You

Cambly is another service that offers one-on-one English lessons through online video sessions. There are certified English tutors as well as native speakers from other walks of life who teach on the app. 

A user can search for tutors based on interests ranging from IELTS and Business English to Harry Potter. Tutors state their availability on the app, so users can schedule lessons or select a tutor who is online. 

What I like best about this app

There are varied courses such as Academic Test Preparation, Basic to Advanced Conversation Topics, Practicing Presentations and Job Interviews, IELTS Speaking Mock Tests, and even Raising Children. Each course has a number of lessons that give users comprehensive training in the topic they want to learn. 

Classes are held in an interactive classroom, which enables users to practice what they learn with online exercises. The lessons are recorded so users can review what they’ve learned. 

How to subscribe

5. RedKiwi – Learn by Imitation

RedKiwi is a Korean app that is designed to teach English learners through English videos from YouTube. The focus is on developing a learner’s listening and speaking skills. Users get to choose videos and do quizzes based on the content they watch. 

The challenge is to select the correct word from the given options that match the audio. This strengthens the user’s grasp of the language and is a strong foundation to build on. 

What I like best about this app

Videos are divided into three difficulty levels, offering something for any level a learner is at. There are simple videos aimed at beginners and difficult ones for the experts. In case a user has a question, he/she can pose the query through the app and get a response from one of RedKiwi’s English experts. There are also specific lessons aimed at office users, travellers, and students living abroad.

New videos are uploaded daily and users can request videos that they like from YouTube to be used on the app. People who love movies and TV shows will surely enjoy this method of teaching because of its novelty. And the best part, no complex grammar rules to read through.

How to subscribe

  • Login to Website on https://redkiwiapp.com/en/ or access the app via Google Play                              App Store
  • English learners can use limited features of the app for free
  • To access all features, there are subscription plans ranging from $4 for a month to $53 for a year. 

Network with Learners and Native Speakers

English has become a required skill for most professionals around the world and a large number of them are in the process of learning it. This makes the internet the ideal place to build connections with fellow learners so you could help each other.

Apps like HelloTalk are a good example of how easy it is to interact with people from around the world. Services like Facebook and Twitter have a wide user base and anyone with minimum social skills can use them for networking. Joining groups that focus on English learning is a good way to enhance your knowledge. Another good idea would be to join online English forums for ESL and IELTS students as they are useful when preparing for exams. 

Practice and enthusiasm will go a long way in your goal to master English, so make new friends who can help you on your journey. 

Notable Websites with Free Grammar Lessons

Grammarly.com

Elllo.org 

alison.com 

English club 

Learn Basics of Reported Speech: Past Continuous Tense

Johnny quits the band

Basically, Reported Speech is the grammatical structure for retelling what someone had said.

Long-winded definitions aside, Reported Speech goes like this: 

“Johnny said that he was leaving the band if his new song wasn’t performed.”

To construct a Reported Speech Sentence, the speaker begins with a Pronoun like “he, she” or a proper name. The above example uses the name Johnny to be specific. As a result, we now know that Johnny will leave the band if his new song isn’t performed. 

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Learn Basics of Reported Speech: Simple Present Tense

Qi wants to play the zither

Simply, Reported Speech is a retelling of what someone had already said. And although the definition is a mouthful, Reported Speech isn’t complicated, especially if the speaker makes a Declarative Statement in Simple Present Tense.

If the aforementioned person spoke in Simple Present Tense (Pronoun, Verb, Noun), the Reported Speech will be in Simple Past Tense (Pronoun, Verb + d/ed, Preposition “to,” Noun). Be aware of irregular Verbs. Words like “say” become “said” and ETC.

Here’s an example:

Statement: I want to play the zither.

Reported Speech: Qi said that she wanted to play the zither.

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